02.Pythagoras

The northern-western part of the visible side of the Moon, Mare Frigoris and Sinus Roris join here. At the right of the chart the crater Pythagoras distinguishes itself from its surroundings by its high terraced wall and it central mountain..

ANAXIMANDER - Anaximander. (Ἀναξίμανδρος) (ca. 611 - 574 BC) Greek Philosopher from the town of Milete. Pupil of Thales, introduce the gnomon in Greece, created a map of the world.

Crater. (68 km/42 Mi   ) (Dept: 2,800 m /9,186 ft) (Debt: 2,400 m /7,874 ft) (6654′N, 5118′W) Crater heavily worn and eroded, many craterlets.

BABBACHE - Charles Babbage. (1792 - 1871) English mathematician, inventor and engineer. Worked on logarithm tables. Early designer of a mechanical programmable computer.

Crater. (143Km /89Mi  ) (Dept:2,000m /6,561ft) (59.7N, 57.1W) Eroded and overlain by Babbage E.

BIANCHINI - Francesco Bianchini. (1662 - 1729) Italian astronomer philosopher and scientist, observed Venus and worked on the improvement of the calendar.

Crater. (38 Km /24 Mi ) (Dept: 3,100 m /10,170 ft) (48.7N, 34.3W) Circular, with a small satellite crater inside its rim..

BOOLE - George Boole (1815 - 1864) English mathematician, inventor of Boolean logic, which forms the basis of the modern digital computer.

Crater. (63 Km /39 Mi ) (Dept: 2,400 m /7,874 ft) (63.7N, 87.4W) Crater nearly circular, small craterlets.

BOUGUER - Pierre Bouguer. (1698 - 1758) French hydrographic specialist, surveyor and astronomer.

Crater (22 Km /14 Mi ) (Dept: 2,500 m /8,202 ft) (52.3N, 35.8W) Circular, young.

CARPENTER - 1. James Carpenter. (1840 - 1899) Astronomer, and co-author of a Book about the Moon. 2. Edwin Francis Carpenter. (1898 - 1963) American astronomer, researched white dwarf stars, supernovae and did galactic astronomy.

Crater. (59km/37Mi ) (Dept: 2,600m /8,530ft) (69.4N, 50.9W) Circular with an unusual double central peak.

LA CONDAMINE - Charles-Marie de la Condamine(1701 - 1774) French explorer, geographer, and mathematician.

Crater. (37km/23Mi ) (Dept: unknown) (53.4N, 28.2W) Wrinkled floor, eroded wall.

CREMONA - Luigi Cremona. (1830 - 1903) Italian mathematician.

Crater. (85 km /53 Mi ) (Dept: unknown) (67.5N, 90.6W) Eroded formation, worn and overlaid by a number of smaller craters.

DESARGUES - Grard Desargues. (1591-1661) French mathematician and engineer, one of the founders of projective geometry.

Crater. (85 km/53 Mi ) (Dept: 2,510m/8,234ft) (70.2N, 73.3W) Eroded, resurfaced and overlapped by satellite craters.

FOUCAULT - Lon Foucault. (1814 1897) French physicist, measured the of the speed of light.

Crater. (23km/14Mi ) (Dept: 2,100m/6,890ft) (50.4N, 39.7W) Irregular circle, with slight outward bulges.

HARPALUS - Harpalus (Ἅρπαλος ). (ca. 460 BC) Greek thieve.

Crater (39Km /24Mi ) (Dept: 2,900m/9,514ft) (52.6N, 43.4W) Circular, young, sharp-edged with a small ray system.

HERSCHELL J. - Sir John Frederick William Herschel. (1792 - 1871) English mathematician, astronomer, chemist, and experimental photographer/inventor, son of William Herschel. Named seven moons of Saturn and four moons of Uranus. He made many contributions to the science of photography.

Crater (165Km /102Mi ) (Dept: 900m/2,953ft) (62N, 42W) Walled plain with a heavily eroded rim and many craterlets.

HORREBOW - Peder Horrebow. (1679 - 11764) Danish mathematician and physicist, astronomer. Director of the Observatory of the University of Copenhagen. Inventor of the Horrebow-Talcott Method, to determine a place's latitude through observing the stars near the Zenith.

Crater (24 Km /15 Mi ) (Dept: 2,500 m /8,202 ft) (58.7N, 40.8W) Circular, sharp edged.

 

 

 

 

 


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MAUPERTUIS - Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis. (1698 - 1759) French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters. Director of the Acadmie des Sciences, and the first President of the Prussian Academy of Science. Maupertuis went on an expedition to Lapland to determine the shape of the Earth.

Crater (45 Km /28 Mi ) (Dept: 1,500m /4,921 ft) (49.6N, 27.3W) Remnant of a crater, nearly obliterated, leaving only a disintegrated remnant of the original rim, and a rough and irregular floor.

PYTHAGORAS - Pythagoras. (Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος) (ca. 570 BC - ca. 495 BC) Greek mathematician and philosopher.

Crater (130 km /81 Mi ) (Dept: 5,000 m /16,404 ft) (63.5N, 62.8W) Rim with wide terrace system, a generally circular rim, slightly hexagonal. Flattened floor, with an irregular, hilly surface.       In the center is a sharp, central double peak that rises 1.5 kilometers above the crater floor.

ROBINSON - John T. R. Robinson. (1792 - 1882) Irish astronomer and Physicist.

Crater (24 Km /15 Mi ) (Dept: 1,400 m /4,593 ft) (59.0N, 45.9W) Circular, sharp rimmed.

SOUTH - James South. (1785 - 1867) English astronomer. South and John Herschel jointly produced a catalogue of 380 double stars in 1824, re-observing many of the double stars that had been discovered by William Herschel. South then continued and observed another 458 double stars over the following year.

Crater (104 Km /65 Mi ) (Dept: 970 m /3,182 ft) (58.0N, 50.8W) Strongly eroded edge, and to the south almost totally flattened.

 

 

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