15.Atlas

Landscapes near the north-eastern edge of the Moon. Eastern part of Lacus Somniorum with the broad rille G. Bond I. The hills at the lower side of the map are part of the Taurus mountains.

ATLAS - Atlas. Titan, carrying the heavens on his shoulders according to Greek mythology. (According to Riccioli, Atlas was an ancient king interested in astronomy, who lived around 1580 BC).

Crater. (87km /53Mi ) (Dept: 3,000m /9,100ft) (47N, 44E) Forms a distinct pair with Hercules. (Chart 14)

BERZELIUS - Jns J. von Berzelius. (1779 - 1848) Swedish Chemist. Secretary of the Academy of Sciences in 1818. Separated organic chemistry and mineral chemistry. Inventor of symbols and chemical equations. Laws of electrochemistry.

Crater. (51km /31Mi ) (Dept: 1,700m) (36N, 51E) Steep slopes. High walls with terraces, overlapped by the craterlet Cepheus A. Flat floor. Central hill.

CARRINGTON - Richard Christopher Carrington.. (1826 - 1875) English astronomer. Determined the rotation of the Sun.

Crater. (30km /18Mi) (Dept: 1,500m) (44N, 62E) Discoverer of the differential rotation of the Sun through solar spots observation.

CEPHEUS - Kepheus. According to Greek Mythology King of Ethiopia.  A constellation was also called after him.

Crater. (41km /24Mi ) (Dept: 2,800m) (40.8N, 45.8E) Circular crater. Steep slopes. High walls in terraces overlapped by the craterlet Cepheus A. Flat floor. Central hill.

CHEVALLIER - Temple Chevallier. English astronomer, clergyman and polymath. Director of the Durham Observatory in England. Solar astronomy, translation of the writings of Polycarpus. (One of the Apostolic Fathers). 

Crater. (52km /32Mi ) (Depth: 1,2km) (44.9 N, 51.2 E ) Eroded, flooded by lava. Partly destroyed, wrecked formation. Few steep slopes supporting Chevallier A to the west Chevallier M to the north and Chevallier K to the south. High walls. Floor  containing Chevallier B. Narrow grooves and craterlets.

HALL - Asaph Hall. (1829-1907) American astronomer, discovered Demos and Phobos, the Moons of Mars in 1877.

Crater. (35km /22Mi ) (Dept: 1,140m /3,500ft) (33 45′ N, 36 41′  E) Strongly eroded, partly vanished crater. Flat floor filled with lava closed of by Rima G. Bond to the west.

HOOKE - Robert Hooke. (1730 - 1787) English astronomer inventor, and physicist.

Crater. (37km /22Mi ) (Dept: 2.3 km) (41.2N, 54.9E) Steep slopes supporting a craterlet to the North and Hooke D to the south-east. High walls. Flat floor filled with lava.

KIRCHHOFF - Gustav R. Kirchhoff. (1824 - 1887) German physicist. One of the inventors of spectral analysis.

Lake. (25km /15Mi ) (Dept: 2,590m /7,800ft) (30.3N, 38.8E) Circular formation. Steep slopes. High walls. Flat floor. Small central hill.

MAURY - Matthew Fontaine Maury. (1806 - 1873) American Oceanographer. Antonia C. Maury. American astronomer, published an important early catalog of stellar spectra.

Crater. (17,6km /11Mi ) (Dept: 3,270km /9,900ft) (37.1N, 39.6E) Steep slopes supporting Maury C to the west. Very high walls. Flat and little extensive floor.

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

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MERCURIUS - Mercurius. Greek Mythology. Messenger of the gods.

Crater. (69Km /41Mi ) (Depth: 2,300m) (46.6 N, 66.2 E) Steep slopes supporting Mercurius B to the north-east and Mercurius F & G to the south-west. High walls supporting Mercurius L to the south-west. Flat floor with a craterlet to the north. Small central relief.

OERSTED - Hans Christian rsted. (1777 - 1851) Danish Philosopher and physicist.

Mare. (42km /25Mi ) (43.1N, 47.2E) Steep slopes. High walls gobbled to the West. Flat floor filled with lava supporting the craterlet Oersted A. Craterlets and crevices.

SHUCKBURGH - Sir George Shuckburgh-Evelyn. (1751 - 1804) English astronomer and mathematician. Physical, astronomical and meteorological observations.

Crater. (38km /23Mi ) (Depth:1,300m) (42.6N, 52.8E) Steep slopes supporting Shuckburgh C to the north and Schuckburgh A to the east. High walls, flat floor filled with lava. Crevices.

 

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