Southern extensions of Mare Fecunditatis, with on its floor the bright
rays starting at Petavius A, and Snellius A, go as far as the area
in-between Petavius, and a group of craters named after famous sailors.
Jean Babtiste Biot (1774 - 1862)
French astronomer, surveyor, writer about the history of astronomy.
/4,920ft) (22.72°S, 51.04°E) Circular,
Jean Charles Borda (1733 - 1799) French
astronomer and naval officer.
(Dept: 3,640m /11,942ft) (25.24°S, 46.51°E) Wall broken by smaller
craterlets, central peak.
Christopher Columbus (1441 - 1506)
Italian sailor, discoverer of America (1492).
) ( 2,530m /8,300ft) (15.28°S, 45.11°E) Sharp edged with multiple
James Cook (1728- 1779) English naval
officer and explorer, sailed around the world twice.
) (1,220m /4,002ft) (17.57°S 48.79°E) Flooded with lava,
leaving only a low rim projecting.
MARE FECUNDITATIS - Sea of
Named so by
) (7.83°S, 51.67°E) Irregularly shaped,
the size of the Caspian Sea on Earth.
Johann M. Hase (1684 - 1742) German
Cartographer and mathematician.
(Dept: 3,350m /10,990ft) (29.46°S, 62.70°E) Partly preserved crater.
Eroded and overlaid by Hase A and D.
Robert le Mesurier McClure (1807 - 1873)
British naval officer. First to circumnavigate the Americas.
(Dept: 1,180m /3.871ft) (15.37°S, 50.19°E ) Nearly circular, no central
Gaspard Monge (1746-1818) French
mathematician, he laid the foundations of modern geometrics.
(Dept:1,540m /5,052ft) (19.27°S 47.56°E) Outer rim somewhat irregular in
shape, with an outward bulge to the east and smaller bulges to the north
Johann G. Palitzsch (1723 - 1788) German
amateur astronomer, he observed as first the return of comet Halley, (in
1758, as predicted by Edmund Halley).
(Dept: 2,870m /9,416ft) (28.03°S, 64.37°E) Strongly eroded.
Denis Petau (1583 - 1652) French
historian and theologian.
(Dept: 3,330m /10,925ft) (25.42°S, 60.76°E) Walled plain with central
mountain, rilles and dark spots on the crater floor.
Daniel Santbech Noviomagus (ca. 1561)
Dutch mathematician and astronomer. Worked on ballistics.
(Dept: 3,680m /12,073ft) (20.97°S 44.03°E) Outer rim of this crater
stands above the surrounding terrain, small central peak.
Willebrord Snell (1580 - 1626) Dutch
astronomer, mathematician and surveyor. First to use triangulation as a tool for
measuring the meridian. Discovered and formulated the law of refraction of
(Dept: 3,830m /12,565ft) (29.39°S, 55.61°E) Eroded, with irregular floor, small
John Baron Wrottesley (1798 - . 1867) English
amateur astronomer. Worked on double-star
catalogues and astrometry. Founding member of the
Royal Astronomical Society
(Dept: 4,230m /13,878ft) (23.92°S, 56.65°E) Sharp edged, terraces, central