The edge of the visible side of the Moon near the Lunar south pole is
covered by craters, great walled plains and is very mountainous. The deep
shadows make cartography and mapping very difficult.
(1566 - 1624) Italian astronomer, geographer and mathematician.
(105km Ø ) (Dept: 3,700m) (63.6°S, 21.5°W) Circular, terraced, small central
- 1707 Italian mathematician, theologian and astronomer.
(111km Ø ) (Dept: 5,500m) (72.6°S, 30.5°W)
Outer rim worn, many tiny impacts along the rim and inner wall. The small
satellite crater Casatus J lies across the south-southeastern rim.
Christoph Klau (1537 - 1612) German
astronomer and mathematician. The "Euklides of the 16th century".
Crater. ( 225km
Ø ) (Dept: 3,500m) (58.4°S, 14.4°W) Walled plane with many satellite craters on its
lays within the walls of Clavius.
Erich von Drygalski (1865 - 1949)
geographer, polar-explorer and geophysicist.
Ø ) (Dept: 4,000m) (79.3°S, 84.9°W) Eroded, satellite craters on the rim,
Martin Heinrich Klaproth
(1743 - 1871) German chemist and mineralogist.
(119km Ø ) (Dept: 3,100m) (69.7°S, 26.0°W)
Resurfaced and overlain with other craters.
Guillaume H. le Gentil (1725 - 1792) French
(113km Ø ) (74.4°S, 76.5°W) Covered
with craterlets, eroded.
Christian Sørensen Longomontanus (1562 -
astronomer, assistant of Tycho Brahe.
Ø ) (Dept: 4,500m) (9.5°S. 21.7°W ) Wall heavily worn and incised by past
impacts, rim level with the surrounding terrain.
Russell W. Porter (1871 - 1949) American
(52km Ø ) (Dept: 2,300m) (56.1°S, 10.1°W)
Lays across the northwestern rim of the huge walled plain
Lewis M. Rutherfurd (1816 - 1892)
astronomer, photographic-imager of the Sun, Moon, and (Globular) Star
× 54km Ø ) (Dept: 2,900m) (60.9°S, 12.1°W ) Within the rim of Clavius.
Christoph Scheiner (1575 - 1650)
mathematician and astronomer. Did the first systematic observations of the
(110km Ø ) (Dept: 4,500m) (60.5°S, 27.8°W
) Eroded, and marked with multiple impacts. Satellites on the
floor. Scheiner A: (12 km) (60.4° S, 28.2° W).