72.Clavius

The edge of the visible side of the Moon near the Lunar south pole is covered by craters, great walled plains and is very mountainous. The deep shadows make cartography and mapping very difficult.

BLANCANUS - Giuseppe Biancani (1566 - 1624) Italian astronomer, geographer and mathematician.

Crater. (105km ) (Dept: 3,700m) (63.6S, 21.5W) Circular, terraced, small central hills.

CASATUS - Paolo Casati (1617 - 1707 Italian mathematician, theologian and astronomer.

Crater. (111km ) (Dept: 5,500m) (72.6S, 30.5W) Outer rim worn, many tiny impacts along the rim and inner wall. The small satellite crater Casatus J lies across the south-southeastern rim.

CLAVIUS - Christoph Klau (1537 - 1612) German astronomer and mathematician. The "Euklides of the 16th century".

Crater. ( 225km ) (Dept: 3,500m) (58.4S, 14.4W) Walled plane with many satellite craters on its floor. Rutherfurd lays within the walls of Clavius.

DRYGALSKI - Erich von Drygalski (1865 - 1949) German geographer, polar-explorer and geophysicist.

Crater. (149km ) (Dept: 4,000m) (79.3S, 84.9W) Eroded, satellite craters on the rim, central mountain.

KLAPROTH - Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1743 - 1871) German chemist and mineralogist.

Crater. (119km ) (Dept: 3,100m) (69.7S, 26.0W) Resurfaced and overlain with other craters.

LE GENTIL - Guillaume H. le Gentil (1725 - 1792) French astronomer.

Crater. (113km ) (74.4S, 76.5W) Covered with craterlets, eroded.

LONGOMONTANUS - Christian Srensen Longomontanus (1562 - 1647) Danish astronomer, assistant of Tycho Brahe.

Crater. (145km ) (Dept: 4,500m) (9.5S. 21.7W ) Wall heavily worn and incised by past impacts, rim level with the surrounding terrain.

PORTER - Russell W. Porter (1871 - 1949) American telescope builder.

Crater. (52km ) (Dept: 2,300m) (56.1S, 10.1W) Lays across the northwestern rim of the huge walled plain Clavius.

RUTHERFURD - Lewis M. Rutherfurd (1816 - 1892) American astronomer, photographic-imager of the Sun, Moon, and (Globular) Star clusters.

Crater. (48 54km ) (Dept: 2,900m) (60.9S, 12.1W ) Within the rim of Clavius.

SCHEINER - Christoph Scheiner (1575 - 1650) German mathematician and astronomer. Did the first systematic observations of the Sun.

Crater. (110km ) (Dept: 4,500m) (60.5S, 27.8W ) Eroded, and marked with multiple impacts. Satellites on the floor. Scheiner A: (12 km) (60.4 S, 28.2 W).

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

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WILSON - 1. Alexander Wilson (1714 - 1786) Scottish astronomer, friend of Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel.  2. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1896 - 1959) Scottish physicist. Nobel Prize in physics for his invention of the cloud chamber. 3. Ralph E. Wilson (1886 - 1960) American astronomer. Mount Wilson Observatory.

Crater. (69km ) (Dept: 3,400m) (69.2S, 42.4W) Heavily eroded outer rim.

 

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