04.Archytas

The surroundings of the lunar North-pole, the middle part of mare Frigoris, and the northern part of the lunar Alps.

ALPES VALLIS - Alpes Vallis. This valley was discovered in 1727 by Francesco Bianchini.

Valley. (Length:166Km /103Mi  ) (Width ca.10 km at the middle part) (48.5N, 3.2E ) Narrow at both ends and widens to a maximum width of about 10 km along the middle stretch. The valley floor is a flat, lava-flooded surface that is bisected by a slender, cleft-like rille.

ANAXAGORAS - Anaxagoras. (Ἀναξαγόρας) (ca. 500 - 428 BC) Greek Philosopher. Gave a scientific account of eclipses, meteors, rainbows, and the sun.

Crater. (51km /30Mi  ) (Debt: 3,060m /10,039ft) (73.4N, 10.1W) Bright young crater with a ray system that reaches a distance of over 900 kilometers from the rim, reaching Plato to the south.

ARCHYTAS - Archytas. (Ἀρχύτας) (ca. 428 - 347 BC)  Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist.

Crater. (32Km /19Mi  ) (Dept: 2,400 m /7,874ft) (58.7N, 5.0E) The sharp-edged outer wall is nearly circular.

BARROW - Isaac Barrow (1630 - 1677) English theologian and mathematician, friend and teacher of Newton.

Crater. (92Km /54Mi ) (Debt: 3,200m /10,500ft) (71.3N 7.7E). Lava flooded and strongly eroded.

BIRMINGHAM - John Birmingham. (1829 - 1884). Irish Moon specialist, amateur geologist, polymath and poet.

Crater. (92Km /54Mi ) (Debt:1,800m /5,906ft) (65.1N, 10.5W) Ghost crater, crater remnant, low ridges lava covered floor.

BOND W. - William C. Bond (1789 - 1859) American astronomer. Bond and his son George Phillips Bond discovered Saturn's moon Hyperion; it was also discovered at the same time by William Lassell in Britain, and both are given credit. Pioneer in astrophotography.

Crater. (158Km /98Mi ) (Dept: 1,890 m /6,200ft) (65,21 N, 3,89 E) Irregularly shaped lunar walled plain.

BYRD - Richard E. Byrd. (1888 - 1957) American polar explorer. Aviator. Descendent of Pocahontas.

Crater (94Km /58Mi ) (Dept: 1,380 m /4,528ft) (85.3N, 9.8E) Irregular, worn and eroded, nearly connected to the crater Peary. Gioja is attached to the remains of the southwest rim.  Close to the pole, difficult to observe.

CHALLIS - James Challis. (1803 - 1862) English astronomer, theologian and physicist. Almost discovered the planet Neptune as first, saw it, but failed to recognize it for what it was.

Crater (56Km /35Mi ) (Dept: 1,730m /5,676ft) (79.5N, 9.2E)  Damaged and eroded rim, joined to the crater Main, floor resurfaced and full of tiny craters.

EPIGENES - Epigenes. (Έπιγένης) (ca. 250 BC). Greek astrologist. Claimed to have been trained by Chaldeans.

Crater. (55km/34Mi ) (Dept: 3,210m /10,531ft) (67.5N, 4.6W) Halve of the rim strongly eroded.

GIOJA - Flavio Gioja. (According to the story born ca.1302) Fictional Italian sailor, who allegedly invented the nautical compass.

Crater. (41km /25Mi ) (Dept: 2,900m /9,514ft) (83.3N, 2.0E) Attached to the rim of Byrd, difficult to observe.

GOLDSCHMIDT - Hermann Goldschmidt. (1802 - 1866) German/French/Jewish amateur astronomer and painter. Discovery of the asteroid Lutetia in 1852. Painted of the Great Comet of 1858.

Crater. (113km /70Mi ) (Dept: 2,000m /6,562ft ) (73.0N, 3.8W) Eroded, overlapped by Anaxagoras.

HERMITE - Charles Hermite. (1822 1901) French mathematician.

Crater. (104km /65Mi ) (Dept: 5,140 m /16,864ft)  (86.0N, 89.9W) Eroded, lava flooded, discovered in 1964.

MAIN - Robert Main. (1808 - 1878) English astronomer and theologian. First Assistant at the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

Crater. (46km/29Mi ) (Dept: 2,800m /9,186ft ) (80.8N, 10.1E) One of three overlapping craters.

METON - Meton of Athens. (Μέτων ὁ Ἀθηναῖος) (ca. 460 BC) Greek mathematician, astronomer, geometer, and engineer, he introduced the leap year into the lunisolar Attic calendar. (432 BC).

Crater. (122Km /76Mi ) (Dept: 2,600m /8,530ft) (73.8N, 19.2E)  Formation that consists of several merged crater rings that have been flooded with lava, forming an eroded walled plain in the shape of a clover leaf.

 

 

 

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MONTES ALPES  - (See Chart 12)

PEARY - Robert E. Peary. (1856 - 1920) American polar explorer.

Crater. (73km /45Mi ) ( Dept: unknown.) (88.6N, 33.0E) From the Earth only seen from the side, crater closest to the lunar north pole, receives little sunlight, portions of the crater floor are permanently in the shadow.

PROTAGORAS - Protagoras. (Πρωταγόρας) (ca. 490 BC ca. 420 BC) Greek philosopher and author.

Crater. (22km /14Mi ) ( Dept: 2,100m /6,890ft ) (56.0N, 7.3E) Crater rim circular, rising above the surrounding flat terrain.

SCORESBY - William Scoresby. (1789 - 1857) British oceanographer, polar explorer and sailor.

Crater. (56km /35Mi ) (Dept: 2,400m /7,874ft ) (77.7N, 14.1E) Crater sharp edged with central mountains.

TIMAEUS - Timaeus. (ca. 400 BC) Greek follower of Pythagoras, and friend of Plato.

Crater. (33km /21Mi ) (Dept: 2,200m /7,218ft) (62.8N, 0.4W) Crater rim pentagonal in shape, rounded corners, central rise in middle of the floor.

TROUVELOT - Etienne L. Trouvelot. (1827 - 1895) French astronomer.

Crater. (9km /6Mi ) (Dept: 1,200m /3,937ft) (49.3N, 5.8E) Bright bowl-shaped formation.

 

 

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