03.Plato

The northern edge of the visible part of the Moon, and the western part of mare Frigoris. At the bottom of the chart the walled plain of Plato. A small strip of land separates the "Sea of cold" from the "Sea of Rains".

ANAXIMENES - Anaximenes. (Ἀναξιμένης) (ca. 585 - 528 BC) Greek Philosopher. Stated that the Earth is flat, and the Sun is hot because of its speed whilst traveling around the earth.

Crater. (80km/49Mi   ) (Debt: 2,500m /8,200ft) (72.5N, 44.5W) Outer rim eroded and worn into a roughly circular ring of ridges.

BRIANCHON - Charles J. Brianchon. (1783 - 1864) French surveyor and mathematician.

Crater. (145Km /90Mi  ) (Dept: 5,360m /17,585ft) (74.8N, 86.5W) Worn and eroded. Craterlets.

FONTENELLE - Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle. (1657 - 1757) French philosopher and author. One of the first members of the Academy of Sciences. Supported the Copernican theory. 

Crater. (38Km /23Mi ) (Height: 1,750m /5,741ft) (63.4N, 18.9W) Circular rim, irregular edge, notched appearance. Difficult to observe.

MARE FRIGORIS - Sea of Cold. Named by Giovanni Battista Riccioli (in 1651).

Mare. (Length: 1,446 km /899 Mi ) (435,000km /167,954Mi ) (56 00' N, 1 24' E) Mare of the same size as the Black Sea on Earth.

MOUCHEZ - Amde Mouchez (1819 - 1892) French astronomer and admiral. Director of the Paris observatory. (1878) Worked on a photographic chart of the sky.

Crater. (81Km /50Mi ) (Dept:1,380m /4,527ft) (78.3N 26.6W) Eroded, eastern rim missing.

PASCAL - Blaise Pascal. (1623 1662) French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Wrote in defense of the scientific method. Invented the mechanical calculator.

Crater (115Km /71Mi ) (Dept: 4,630m/15,190ft) (74.6N, 70.3W) Softened and rounded by impact erosion.

PHILOLAUS - Philolaus. (Φιλόλαος) (ca. 470 385 BC) Greek philosopher and disciple of Pythagoras. Taught that the Earth moves, and that the centre of the Earth is made of fire.

Crater. (71km/44Mi ) (Height: 3,400m /11,154ft) (72.1N, 32.4W) Circular with an irregular edge, and several central hills.

PLATO - Plato. (Πλάτων) (427 - 347BC) Greek philosopher, pupil of Socrates.

Crater. (109km/68Mi ) (Dept: 1,000m/3,280ft) (51.6N, 9.3W) Walled plain with a dark lava filled floor.

PONCELET - Jean-Victor Poncelet. (1788 1867) French engineer and mathematician.

Crater. (69km/43Mi ) (Dept:1,180m/3,871ft ) (75.8N, 54.1W) Eroded formation, flooded floor with craterlets.

SYLVESTER - James J. Sylvester. (1814 1897) English mathematician.

Crater. (58km/36Mi ) (Dept: unknown) (82.7N, 79.6W) Circular sharp edged, small central peak.

 

 

 

 


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