The eastern part of Mare Serenitatis is criss-crossed by low ridges of
hills, the highest ridge, approximately, winds along the 25th meridian.
The edge of the Sea of Serenity is darker, and has a number of low rilles.
Furthermore on the chart: At the summit of
we find a crater of 2km
Johannes Hevelius named this feature and
while doing it made a spelling mistake, it should have been Acherusia
( Ἀχερουσία), in the ancient Geography a cape in Paphlagonia at the
Black Sea, now called Baba Burun („Cape Baba“) near Karadeniz Ereğli in
what is now Turkey. According to Greek legend there is a deep chasm at
this place, into which Hercules is said to have descended to bring up the
) (Height: 1,500m /4,500ft) (16,79°N, 21,96°E) Isolated peak, the
eastern-most point in the
Montes Haemus range.
Argaeus, (Greek: Ἀργαῖος),
the name in antiquity for a 3,960m high strato-volcano in Cappadocia, now
part of Turkey and now called Erciyes
) (Height: 2,500m /7,600ft) (19.0°N, 29.0°)
Apollo 17 landed near this mountain.
Arthur von Auwers.
(1838 - 1915) German astronomer,
determined the parallax of the Sun by means of Venus'
transits over the solar-disk, and by
observing Planetoids, in order to measure the distance from the earth to
the Sun more accurately, and therefore be able to calculate the dimensions
of the Solar System more accurately and with greater precision. Author of
an astrometrical catalogue.
(20km /12Mi ø
1,680m /2,900ft) (15.1°N, 17.2°E) Crater, lava flooded, open towards
(1784 - 1846) German
mathematician and astronomer. turned his mathematical skills to
problems in navigation. This in turn led to an interest in astronomy as a
way of determining
longitude. Founder of the observatory of
Königsberg. Observation of 75,000 stars. Measuring of the distance to 61
Cygni in 1838. Prediction of the existence of the companion of Sirius.
(16Km /10Mi ø
) (Dept: 1,740m
(21.8°N, 17.9°E) Circular, bowl-shaped. The rim that has a higher albedo than the
floor or the surrounding Mare.
unknown) (25.7° N, 20.0° E) Isolated circular formation with bowl shape.
Few steep slopes. Low walls. Round floor.
William Rutter Dawes.
– 1868) English astronomer. High quality drawings of Mars,
extensive measurements of double stars as well as observations of planets.
) (Dept: 2,330m /7,000ft) (1.7°N, 26°W) Circular, sharp
rim, low central rise, darker floor, inner walls steep and free of
Jules Deseilligny (1868–1918)
amateur astronomer, specialized in selenography.
) (Dept: 1,190m
(21°N, 20°E) Crater nearly circular, small craterlets.
Plinius the Elder (ca. 79
- 23 BC) Roman author, wrote "Historia
4,300m /14,107ft) (15.4°N, 23.7°E) Sharp rim, slightly
oval, terraced inner wall, irregular outer rampart, inner floor hilly,
irregular central peak.
MARE SERENITATIS - Sea of Serenity. Named so by
(28.0°N, 17.5°E) Location of a Mascon.
André Tacquet. (1612
- 1660) Flemish mathematician.
) (Dept:1,260m /3,900ft) (16,6°N, 19,2°E) Small, bowl-shaped crater,
surroundings marked by high-albedo ejecta.
Frank Washington Very.
(1852 - 1927) American astronomer. Measured the
temperature of the surfaces of the Moon and other planets using a
) (Dept: 950m /2,900ft) (25.6°N, 25.3°E) Small bowl-shaped,
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai.
અંબાલાલ સારાભાઇ) (1919 - 1971) Indian physicist. The father of
India's space program.
) (Dept: 1,660m /5,000ft) (24.7°N, 21.0°E)
Small, circular, bowl-shaped.
Frederick Sumner Brackett (1896 – 1988)
American physicist and spectroscopist who observed the infra-red radiation
of the Sun.
310m /9,514ft) (17.9°N, 23.6°E) Circular ghost crater,
lava flooded, rim nearly vanished.