48.Messier

On the vast plains of Mare Fecunditatis we find many ridges, and the crater pair Messier - Messier A, the starting point of two bright rays running west. At lower light-angles, the ghost-crater Goclenius A. And around Gutenberg we see a system of rilles.

BELLOT - Joseph Ren Bellot (1826 - 1853) French arctic explorer.

Crater. (17 km /10.5 Mi  ) (Dept: 2,200 m /7,220 ft) (12.4 S, 48.2 E) Circular and bowl-shaped.

CROZIER - Francis R. M. Crozier (1796 - 1853) British naval officer and polar explorer who perished while exploring the north-west passage. (Franklin's lost expedition).

Crater. (23 km /14 Mi ) (Dept: 1,300 m/4,270 ft) (13.57 S, 50.68 E) Narrow rim, Dark lava flooded floor.

MARE FECUNDITATIS - Sea of Fertility. Named so by Riccioli.

Mare. (840 Km /522 Mi ) (326,000 km /125,870Mi ) (7.83 S, 51.67 E) Irregularly shaped, the size of the Caspian Sea on Earth.

GOCLENIUS - Rudolf Gockel (1572 - 1621) Invented the word "psychology".

Crater. (54 x 72 Km /33.5 x 44.7 Mi ) (Dept: 1,500m /4,920 ft) (10.08 S, 45.05 E) Eroded, irregular rim, lava flooded dark floor, a rille cuts across the floor.

GUTENBERG - Johann Gutenberg (1398- 1468) Gutenberg was the first to use movable type printing in Germany, in around 1439.

Crater. (74 km /46 Mi ) (Dept: 2,300 m /7,550 ft) (8.67 S, 41.17 E) Double crater. Rims broken and overlapping. The floors of Gutenberg and Gutenberg E have been flooded by dark lava.

LUBBOCK - Sir John W. Lubbock (1803 - 1865) Mathematician and astronomer, neighbour of Charles Darwin.

Crater. (14 km /9 Mi ) (Dept: 580 m /1.900 ft) (3.98 S, 41.76 E) Circular, low rim, flat interior.

MAGELHAENS - Fernao de Magelhaes (Magellan) (1480 -1521) Portuguese explorer who organized the expedition that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth completed by Juan Sebastin Elcano. Magelhaes himself died on the Philippines, halve way the trip.

Crater. (37 km /23 Mi ) (Dept: 2,000 m /6,560 ft) (12.01 S, 44.05 E) Circular, floor flooded with dark lava. Magelhaens A is attached to the southeastern rim.

MESSIER - Charles Messier (1730 - 1817) French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects".

Crater. (9 x 11 km /5.6 x 6.8 Mi ) (Dept: 1,300 m /4,265 ft) (Height outside rim: 400 m/1,310 ft) (1.9 , 47.6 E) Elongated crater, forming a pair with Messier A, originating from a meteor that hit the surface under a very low angle, bouncing to form the second crater. Ray system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

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MESSIER A - Charles Messier (1730 - 1817) French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects".

Crater. (13 km /8 Mi ) (Dept: 2.250 m /7,380 ft) (2.0 S, 46.8 E) Two rays start at Messier A and reach a length of about a 100 km/60 Miles.

MONTES PYRENAEUS - Named after the mountain range on Earth by Johannes Mdler.

Mountains. (164 km /102 Mi ) (Dept: 3,000 m /9.840 ft) (15.62 S, 41.02 E) Named after the mountains, or after a kind of cheese, (the Moon is said to be made out of blue cheese..)  The names of the cheese and the mountains sound the same.

 

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