14.Hercules

Interesting landscapes with different types of formations. Rilles near Brg crater, at the base of wall plane Posidonius, and the north-western side of Daniell Crater. (Rimae Daniell) The dark planes are Lacus Mortis, Lacus Somniorum and the north-eastern shores of Mare Serenitatis.

BRG - Johann Tobias Brg (1766 - 1834) Austrian astronomer. Theory on Lunar movements.

Crater. (40km/24Mi ) (Dept: 2,200m /6,700ft) (Depth: 1.8 km) (45.0N, 28.2E) Clearly visible against the background of the Lake of Death.

CHACORNAC - Jean Chacornac. (1823 - 1873) French astronomer, discoverer of 6 planetoids.

Crater. (51km /31Mi ) ( Dept: 1,450m /4,400ft) (29.8N, 31.7E) Partly destroyed wall.

DANIELL - John Frederic Daniell.. ( 1811 - 1896) English lawyer who solved important physical problems in his spare time. Inventor.

Crater. (30 x 23 km /18  x 14 Mi) (Dept: 2,070 m /6,300 ft) (35.3N, 31.1E) Oval shaped.

GROVE - Sir William Robert Grove. (1732 - 1811) English astronomer. Observed the 1761 Venus transit, and in 1774 measured the density of the earth. Director of the Greenwich Observatory. Inventor.

Crater. (27 km /17 Mi ) (Dept: 2,370 m /7,200ft) (40.3 N, 32.9 E) Circular crater, sharp-edged rim.

HERCULES - Hercules. Hero of Greek Mythology with superhuman strength. Riccioli thought that Hercules had been an astronomer, and lived around 1560 BC.

Crater. (71 km /42 Mi ) (Dept: 3,200 m /9,700 ft) (46.7 N, 39.1 E) Clearly visible against a darker background. Forms a distinct pair with Atlas. (15)

LUTHER - Karl Theodor Luther. (1822-1900) German astronomer, discovered 24 planetoids.

Crater. (9.5 km /6 Mi ) (Dept: 1,900 m /5,800 ft) (33.2 N, 24.1 E) Circular rim, cup-shaped.

MASON - Charles Mason. (1730 - 1787) English astronomer and technician, worked at Greenwich Observatory.

Crater. (33 x 43 km /26 x 20 Mi ) (Dept: 1,900 m) (42.6 N, 30.5E) Partly destroyed irregular shaped crater.

LACUS MORTIS - The Lake of Death. Named so by Riccioli.

Lake. (151 km /91 Mi ) (21,000 km2) (45.0 N, 27.2 E) A formation resembling a lava flooded crater. On its floor rilles and trenches. (Rimae Brg).

PLANA - Giovanni A. A. Plana. (1781 - 1864) Italian astronomer and mathematician. Theory on lunar movements.

Crater. (44km /26 Mi ) (Dept: 10 km) (42.2 N, 28.2 E) Central mountain. Eroded, flooded with lava.

POSIDONIUS - Posidonius. (135 - 51 BC) Greek philosopher, geographer, and astronomer.

Crater. (95 km /56 Mi ) (Depth: 2.3 km) (31.8 N, 29.9 E) Forms a triplet with Chacornac (south - east) and Daniell (north). Worn.

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

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LACUS SOMNIORUM - The Lake of Dreams. Named so by Riccioli.

Lake. (384 km ) (70,000 km2) (38.0 N, 29.2 E) An irregular shaped lace with ill defined borders. Dark floor, lava.

WILLIAMS - Arthur Stanley Williams. (1861 - 1938) English solicitor and amateur astronomer. Telescopic observation of the planets.

Crater. (36 km /22 Mi ) (Depth: 700 m) (42.0 N, 37.2 E) Nearly destroyed rim, eroded, horse shoe shaped.

MARE SERENITATIS - Sea of Serenity. Named so by Riccioli.

Mare. (674 km /419 Mi ) (28.0 N, 17.5 E) Location of a Mascon.

 

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