73.Moretus

The Lunar south pole is covered by craters, great walled plains and is very mountainous. The deep shadows make cartography and mapping very difficult. Some craters are permanently hidden behind other craters and mountain ranges.

AMUNDSEN - Roald E. A. Amundsen (1872 - 1928) Norwegian polar-explorer. He led the Antarctic expedition (1910-12), to become the first men to reach the South Pole in December 1911. In 1926, he was the first expedition leader to be recognized without dispute as having reached the North Pole. He is also known as the first to traverse the Northwest Passage (190306).

Crater. (103km ) (Dept: 5,870m) (84.44 S, 83.07 E) Near the pole, difficult to observe. Terraced walls, central mountain.

CABEUS - Niccolo Cabeo (1586 - 1650) Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer.

Crater. (98km ) (Dept: 4,000m) (84.9S 35.5W) Located about 100 km (62 Mi) from the south pole of the Moon. Difficult to observe.

CLAVIUS - Christoph Klau (1537 - 1612) German astronomer and mathematician. The "Euklides of the 16th century".

Crater. ( 225km ) (Dept: 3,500m) (58.4S, 14.4W) Walled plane with many satellite craters on its floor. Rutherfurd lays within the walls of Clavius.

CURTIUS - Albert Kurtz (1600 - 1671) German astronomer. Expanded on the works of Tycho Brahe and used the pseudonym of Lucius Barrettus. It is interesting to note that the Latin version of the name Albert Curtz, Albertus Curtius is an anagram of his pseudonym, Lucius Barretus.

Crater. (95km ) (Dept: 6,800m) (67.2S, 4.4E ) Eroded walls, with sattelite craters, small central hill.

CYSATUS - Johann-Babtist Cysat (1588 - 1657) Swiss mathematician and astronomer. First to state that comets circle around the sun, and to demonstrate at the same time that the orbit of the comet was parabolic and not circular.

Crater. (49km ) (Dept: 4,000m) (66.2S, 6.1W) Circukar, rim partly missing in the south, cup shaped.

DELUC - Guillaume H. le Gentil (1727 - 1817) Swiss geologist and physicist, geologist and meteorologist. He also devised measuring instruments.

Crater. ( 47km ) (Dept: 3,300m) (55.0S, 2.8W) Rim partly overlapped by Deluc H in the north east, circular with craterlets on the floor.

GRUEMBERGER - Christoph Grienberger (1561 - 1636) Austrian astronomer and mathematician.

Crater. (93km ) (Dept: 4,400m) (66.9S, 10.0W) Eroded, and rounded.

HERACLITUS - Herakleitos (ca. 544 - 483 BC) Greek philosopher from Ephesus.

Crater. (90km ) (Dept: 3,800m) (49.2S, 6.2E) Overlapped by satellite craters.

LILIUS - Luigi Giglio (Died: 1576) Italian philosopher and physicist.

Crater. ( 61km ) (Dept: 3,000m) (54.5S, 6.2E) Eroded rim, central peak.

MAGINUS - Giovanni Antonio Magini (1555 - 1617) Italian mathematician and astronomer.

Crater. (194km ) (Dept: 4,300m) (50.0S, 6.2W) Walled plain.

MALAPERT - Charles Malapert (1581 - 1630) Belgian mathematician, astronomer and philosopher.

Crater. (69km ) (84.9S, 12.9E) Near the pole, hard to observe, floor partly permanently in dakness.

MORETUS - Thodore Moretus (1602 - 1667) Belgian mathematician.

Crater. (114km ) (Dept: 5,000m) (70.6S 5.5W) The rim has a wide, terraced inner wall. The floor has been partly resurfaced and is relatively flat. In the middle is a central mountain that rises about 2.1 kilometers above the surrounding floor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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NEWTON - Isaac Newton (1643 - 1727) English physicist, astronomer, inventor, mathematician. The theory of gravitation, etc.

Crater. (79km ) (Dept: 6,100m) (76.7S, 16.9W) The deepest crater on the near side of the Moon.

PENTLAND - Joseph B. Pentland (1797 - 1873) Irish physicist.

Crater. (56km ) (Dept: 2,800m) (64.6S, 11.5E ) Interior floor level, elongated central rise.

SHORT - James Short (1710 - 1768) Scottish mathematician and optician.

Crater. (70km ) (Dept: 5,700m) (74.6S, 7.3W) Eroded, uneven, small central hill.

SIMPELIUS - Hugh Sempill (1596 - 1654) Scottish linguist and mathematician.

Crater. (70km ) (Dept: 3,200m) (73.0S, 15.2E) Edge eroded, floor flat.

ZACH - Franz Xaver, Freiherr von Sachs (1754 - 1832) Hungarian astronomer.

Crater. (71km ) (Dept: 3,700m) (60.9S, 5.3E) Pair of overlapping craters on the northwest rim.

 

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